As climate change affects our planet’s health and ecosystems, we must all do our part to mitigate its adverse effects. Reduced carbon emissions are one way to help mitigate the effects of climate change. Carbon strategy is one of the most important aspects of it.
The first step will be reducing the greenhouse gas emissions causing climate change. To power everything, including our cell phones, homes, offices, and factories, we need to use more clean energy – and use it more efficiently.
We must drive vehicles that use less gasoline or that run on electricity or even other alternative fuels.
What Exactly Are Carbon Emissions?
Carbon emissions are the emissions of carbon dioxide, a type of greenhouse gas (GHG) that enters the atmosphere naturally and through human activities such as electricity consumption and industrial manufacturing.
Emissions of greenhouse gases trap heat in the atmosphere, resulting in various changes such as global warming, ozone layer depletion, and ecosystem destruction.
While other gases, such as methane and nitrous oxide, are also hazardous and significantly contribute to our overall carbon footprint, carbon dioxide is the most common.
While plants and animals emit carbon, human activity, such as using fossil fuels, industrial production, and transportation, has significantly contributed to the sharp increase in CO2 emissions to levels that nature cannot balance on its own.
How to reduce these emissions?
1. Make the shift to clean energy
One way to help reduce carbon dioxide emissions is to use clean energy. Solar panels, windmills, and geothermal energy are all more sustainable sources that produce low carbon emissions and reduce our reliance on natural gas and resource harvesting.
2. Reduce Air travel
The transportation-related carbon dioxide emissions had surpassed those from electricity generation. Transportation is currently the leading source of emissions of greenhouse gases. Simply eliminating one roundtrip plane ride saves 1.6 metric tons of CO2 equivalents per year.
3. Reduce your reliance on electricity
Taking measures to use less electricity, mainly when the combustion of coal or gas generates it, can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Electricity use accounts for one-quarter of all emissions worldwide.
You can save money on electricity by replacing incandescent light bulbs with LED bulbs, adding insulation to your home, and establishing the thermostat lower in the winter and higher in the summer. Everyone should adopt this carbon strategy of lowering emissions.
Innovations also help maintain the buildings’ energy efficiency, such as heat-reflective glass, low-flow water fixtures, intelligent thermostats, air conditioning technology, and non-warming refrigerants.
4. Remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere
Alongside reducing the amount of carbon dioxide we add to the atmosphere, we can also take steps to boost the amount of carbon dioxide we remove. Carbon sinks are locations where carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere. For example, tree planting, bamboo, and other plants enhance the number of carbon sinks.
Protect existing carbon sinks by preserving forests, grasslands, and wetlands, where carbon is stored in plants and soils. Farming practices such as cover crop planting and crop rotation retain soils, allowing them to function as effective carbon sinks.
There are also carbon dioxide removal techniques that may be capable of extracting large amounts of greenhouse gases.
Carbon emissions reduction is significant because it helps counteract the harmful and dangerous effects of high CO2 levels on our environment. The carbon strategy that is being applied by countries to limit carbon emissions is a necessity to save our planet.